Prepared by Mary Jo Kaplan, August 2013
with funding from the sponsors of the Ian Axford (New Zealand) Fellowships in Public Policy
Mary Jo (MJ Kaplan) is founder and President of Kaplan Consulting, a consultancy that partners with leaders, organisations and communities to turn innovative ideas into positive results. Prior to launching the firm she led strategic change in the public sector, private sector and a national non-profit start-up.
MJ is Adjunct Professor in Public Policy at Brown University where she teaches social enterprise and strategy. She is a partner with Social Enterprise Rhode Island and has a 22 year partnership with the Institute for Conservation Leadership based in Washington D.C. MJ serves on the Board of Directors for The Miriam/Rhode Island Hospitals and Moses Brown School. MJ graduated with a B.A. from Brown University and M.Ed. from Harvard University.
During MJ’s Ian Axford Fellowship exchange to New Zealand she was based at the Ministry of Social Development, working in collaboration with the ASM Community Trust, where she researched social enterprise with a focus on the youth pipeline and start-up enterprises.
The report presents an overview of social enterprise in New Zealand with a focus on opportunities to grow the youth pipeline and start-up ventures. Social enterprise is in its very early stage in New Zealand. The report describes the meaning of terms and concepts and provides an international context.
The report describes characteristics of the Millennial generation and reasons for their inclination to pursue enterprise in general and social enterprise in particular. Several New Zealand case studies describe innovative enterprise programmes that target secondary students and serve as a foundation for future work in social enterprise. There are few academic papers and few supports for students who are interested in social enterprise in New Zealand. In contrast, social enterprise is growing rapidly in tertiary education in the US and the report presents case studies and action steps to accelerate opportunities in New Zealand.
The paper also introduces examples of start-up venture in the US and New Zealand, and describes the type of ecosystem supports the enable them to develop from idea generation to validation to development and growth. There are a growing number of start-ups and incubator hubs such as Enspiral in Wellington. However, there is currently no Government social enterprise policy or funding stream. The report concludes with proposed steps to develop a government policy and enabling framework.
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